Right to work

The right to work refers to participating freely in the activities of production and service to society and to enjoy the benefits obtained from these activities. These benefits guarantee an adequate level of life. The right to work is the first of rights recognized specifically in the Pact for Economic, Social and Cultural Rights which, in article 6, establishes that the right to work as “the right that every person has the opportunity to make a living by work freely chosen”. 

On the other hand, working rights are the standard that protect working people and include: the right to dignified working conditions, safe and healthy conditions, the right to freely chosen work, the right to adequate remuneration, the right to daily rest periods and pay, the right to form trade unions and join them, the right to strike, the right to equal pay for equal work and the right to equal treatment.

The international recognition of the right to work is broad. In effect, joined with ICESCR articles 6, 7, 8 and 10(3) and the General Comment 18, the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR) which developed the above articles, highlights the Conventions International Labor Organization, especially in the Convention 122 article 1(2). In the European field it is necessary to mention the European Social Charter Part I articles 1-10, 18 and 19 as the revised version of 1966, all pending ratification by the Spanish government. At the same time, there are also the regional level’s Protocol of San Salvador articles 6, 7, 8, 17(b) and 18(a) and the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights article 15.